Due to the increase on oil prices, food crisis and competition on the demand of foods and biofuel, this led to the interest of algae farming for making vegetable oil, biodiesel, biogasoline, bioethanol as well as other biofuels that is into the use of land which are found not suitable for agriculture. Algae actually have the potential in providing a good source of biodiesel, hydrogen and ethanol fuels. Microalgae is considered to be a fast growing photosynthesizing organisms which has the capability to complete its whole growing cycle for every few days. There is in fact about 50% on the weight of algae that’s comprised of oil than oil palm only having about 20% of its weight in oil.
Farming algae is considered to be a good option for making vegetable oil and different kinds of biofuels. Microalgae are in fact one-celled, photosynthetic microorganisms which are abundant in different marine environments. The potential of algae production commercially is expected to be grown in translucent tubes or in containers that are known as photo bioreactors or through open ocean algae bloom harvesting. Some advantages would include the case of processing algae biomass through gasification to create syngas, the use of waste streams from municipalities like water sources, the growth of carbohydrate rich algae strains for cellulosic ethanol as well as for carbon capture from smokestacks in order to increase more algae growth.
Algae in fact have certain qualities, making it a good option for biodiesel production. Unlike the corn-based biodiesel which competes with food crops on land, algae production in algae ponds or in photo bioreactors can actually complement than compete with other kinds of biomass fuels. And unlike other biodiesel crops, algae does not need a significant input of carbon intensive fertilizers. You could actually find some algae species which is grown in waters with high amounts of salt, which means that this is not a problem on freshwater supplies.
There are actually some companies and government agencies who funds such effort in order to reduce the capital and operating costs and in making the algae fuel production viable commercially. Based on a recent study, genetic engineering could help improve the fuel efficiency of algae because algae could be modified in building short carbon chains rather than long chains of carbohydrates.
You could find some companies that are into the use of chemically-induced mutations to create alage suitable for use as a crop. Some even have the commercial interest to large-scale algal-cultivation systems which have plans on connecting with the existing infrastructure like with sewage treatment facilities, coal power plants and cement factories. Visit this link or homepage to learn more info. about where to buy algae or about yellow tang.